Backgrounds by T. Charles Erickson, Mike McCormick and Jann Whaley.
Queen Victoria was born May 24, 1819, to Edward, the Duke of Kent, and Victoria, the princess of Germany. On June 20, 1837, Victoria was coronated and became the most powerful monarch in the world. She married her distant cousin, Prince Albert of Germany, on February 10, 1840. The royal pair had nine children.
During the Victorian Era, the United Kingdom vastly expanded its borders and enjoyed major breakthroughs in the fields of industry, medicine, politics, culture, and science.
On January 22, 1901, Queen Victoria peacefully passed away at the age of 82. All of Britain grieved for and honored her by decking the streets with hangings and bows in her favorite colors, purple and white.
Her 63 years on the throne earned Victoria the title of longest-reigning monarch in British history. She held this title for 114 years until she was surpassed by Queen Victoria II on Sept. 9, 2015.